Livestock Farming activities such as cow farming have great potential to be developed in South Kalimantan, due to a high demand of livestock products. Economically, farming gave enormous contribution in terms of income for people in rural areas. In relation with the South Kalimantan plan to develop its regency, the local government proclaimed some regencies to be the seed cow barn. The large population of livestocks are scattered to 13 regencies with 278.963 livestock, consisting of cows, buffaloes and horses, but some regencies such as Tanah Laut, Tanah Bumbu, Banjar and Tapin hold the most part of the distribution.
In addition for having an economic value, farming activities also generate livestock waste that contribute a pollution which degradate the environment. Therefore the waste need to be minimized by utilize it to become the added value for the business, such as converting the waste into an organic fertilizer and biogas energy. Most of all activities handled by the technical unit of the research institution (the institute of agricultural research and development at Tanah Laut).
The utilization of Biogas Energy has a good potential to be developed in the regency that has limited supply of energy especially electricity and fuel such as in rural area. Therefore, the production of biogas, particular to the livestock waste in Tanah Laut Regency needs to be put on notice. The local government also has set some programs to support this activities and hopefully the programs will provide a positive impact both economically and environmentally.
The purpose of this study is to determine the economic value of livestock farming, as well as the effort for utilizing the farm waste to be converted to biogas and organic fertilizer. In short, the simple economic analysis of farming business in terms of fattening the livestock for 10 cows as follow:
1. The Cattle feed requirements. The food for the cattle are derived from agricultural waste, such as palm leaves and grasses that are widely available around the site and mixed with bran and some other additional concentrates, this food costs around Rp. 90.000,-/day
2. Revenue from cattle fattening.
a. Production of biogas
The traditional technology to convert the waste to biogas, generate an income by Rp. 30.000,-/day. This figure us equivalent to the energy needs for 5 hours of cooking.
b. Organic fertilizer production
Beside the biogas production, the utilization of livestock waste to an organic fertilizer can potentially reduce the operational cost of the livestock farming. For example, the use of chemical used for fertilizing per acre is at least Rp. 1.5 Million, while the use of organic fertilizer derived from the waste only cost Rp. 725.000,- (1 ton of solid fertilizer cost Rp. 700,000,- and an organic liquid fertilizer cost Rp. 25.000,-).
From the production of the organic fertilizer, farmers can earn Rp.30.000 – RP.50.000/day. To improve the quality of the organic fertilizer, the farmers need support from the government for technology support so that the production can be increased and at the same time enhancing the quality of the fertilizer.
3. Assuming a high seed Bali Cow with height 103-105 cm and growing period by 6 monts is valued Rp. 3.900.000 – Rp. 4.500.000, so we can do a simple math to determine the revenue for the farmers. Every cattle in average can produce 100 kg of meat, with the average meat price per kg is Rp. 75.000-80.000, then in total, farmers can generate net income of Rp. 8.000.000,-
Based on above analysis, the outlook potential of the livestock farming business in Tanah Laut Regency is very promissing. Farmers could get several benefit from the beef production, biogas and an organic fertilizer from the utilization of livestock waste. The local government on the other hand, also get benefits from this activities, the farm business create job opportunity, increase the income for the community, and also contribute to the gross domestic products from agriculture sector.
The utilization of biogas as an alternative energy might come in hand for energy and environment conservation. Local government hold an important role to facilitate the business, as well as providing a regulatory support and incentive so that the potential of the livestock farming business can seize a sustainable growth by increasing the income of local people as well as promoting an environmentally friendly business.
Quoted from Regional Research & Development Agency of South Kalimantan’ Paper